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Welcome to our beginner’s guide to the Securities Appellate Tribunal (SAT). In this informative blog post, we will provide you with essential aspects of SAT, its role in the Indian financial market, the process of filing an appeal, and much more. Whether you are a novice investor or a curious individual, join us as we unveil the world of the Securities Appellate Tribunal.

Section1:What does the Securities Appellate Tribunal do?

Subtitle:The Protector of Investor Rights

  • The Government of India created the Securities Appellate Tribunal (SAT) as a semi-judicial entity under the Securities and Exchange Board of India Act, 1992.
  • It serves as an appeals body for parties who are unhappy with SEBI’s (the Securities and Exchange Board of India) judgements.
  • The goal of SAT is to offer institutions and investors that participate in the securities market a fair, competent, and transparent dispute resolution system.

Section 2: SAT jurisdiction

Cases that come under the purview of SAT

  • SAT is qualified to hear appeals against SEBI rulings on the granting and denying of registration licences.
  • It renders judgement in matters involving infringements of securities laws, regulations, and SEBI fines.
  • Additionally, SAT handles appeals against SEBI orders including insider trading, dishonest behaviour, and market manipulation.

Section 3: Organisation and Content

Subtitle: Faces Behind the SAT

  • A presiding officer and two other members—either judicial or technical experts—make up the panel for the SAT.
  • The central government normally appoints the presiding officer, who is typically a high court judge who has retired.
  • While technical members specialise in finance, economics, or topics relating to the securities markets, judicial members have a legal background.

Section 4: Contacting SEBI to File an Appeal

Subtitle:Step-by-step Instructions

  • Within 45 days of the day when SEBI’s passed order or decision was made, you must file an appeal.
  • The appeal must be submitted in the required format with all the supporting documentation and a copy of the SEBI ruling.
  • You can register it yourself or through a designated agent, making sure that all information is true and correct.

Section 5: STI Proceedings Title: Process Introduction

  • Following the filing of an appeal, STI will review the supporting documentation and may arrange a preliminary hearing to determine whether to accept the appeal.
  • After that, a notification with a copy of the appeal will be given to the respondent (SEBI), allowing them to offer a response.
  • Both parties may testify in a STI hearing and offer their arguments and pertinent data.

Section 6 : Decisions and SAT Enforcement

Upholding Justice

  • Based on qualifications and legal requirements, SAT issues its findings and orders, either upholding or reversing SEBI’s judgements.
  • A decision is enforceable and legally binding once it is made.
  • If a party disobeys the order, SAT has the authority to file a contempt case or incur legal repercussions.


To ensure fair and open operations within the Indian securities market, the Securities Appellate Tribunal (SAT) is essential. Along with its quasi-judicial jurisdiction, SAT protects investors’ interests by offering a strong forum for conflict resolution and ensuring justice. As an introduction, we hope that this information clarifies the importance of SAT and its role in preserving the integrity of India’s financial Securitiesystem.

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